While there are many things you should avoid during pregnancy, exercise is not one of them. In fact, exercise can be very beneficial to support a healthy pregnancy. Exercise during pregnancy is also critical for back health. During pregnancy, the body goes through many changes. Two of these changes are a shift in the body’s center of gravity and excess weight accumulating around the abdomen. Both of these changes can cause the spinal column to naturally bend forward, which will eventually lead to lower back pain. Not only does regular exercise during pregnancy help eliminate lower back pain, it is a useful tool in weight management, spinal strength, and spinal flexibility.
Although you do need to gain weight for a healthy pregnancy, weight management can still be important. There is a fine line between eating enough to support your body weight and the baby’s, and eating so much that you gain excess weight—your doctor can help determine what is a healthy amount of weight gain for your body type and circumstances. Extra weight places additional strain on your back. This is the reason that finding the right balance between eating and exercise is important. If you can keep your weight at a healthy level, it will lessen the risk of back pain. Low-impact aerobic exercises such as walking, water aerobics, and yoga can help with back pain and weight management.
Strengthening the Back
Regular exercise during pregnancy also strengthens the muscles around the back. As these muscles are strengthened, they provide extra support for the spinal cord. This strengthens the entire vertebral column of the back. As the spinal column is strengthened, it allows the spine to support excess weight and compensate for the body’s shift in gravity. Exercises such as stretching, yoga, and low-impact aerobic exercises are good for strengthening the back.
Maintaining Spinal Flexibility
Finally, participating in regular exercise throughout your pregnancy can help maintain spinal flexibility. Another complaint from women is the further they are in their pregnancy, the harder it is to bend over. This may be caused by the excess weight around the abdomen. If the spine is not strong enough or flexible enough to support this extra weight while bending, then it may cause pain. When you exercise to improve spinal flexibility, it may be easier to bend, stretch, and perform other activities throughout your day. Stretching and yoga are very helpful in maintaining spinal flexibility.
There are many different types of exercise that are generally considered safe during pregnancy. These include stretching, low-impact aerobic exercises, and more. Each of these types of exercise can benefit back health. To maintain your spine’s flexibility, try regular stretching exercises. These can include the pelvic tilt, side-to-side stretches, front-to-back stretches, hip rotation, waist rotation, and more. To maintain the strength of your spine, consider walking, bicycling, yoga, and other gentle exercises. If back pain is already a problem during your pregnancy, you could also try water aerobics. Spinal specialists such as Dr. Solomon Kamson of the Spine Institute Northwest often recommend water aerobics for patients experiencing back pain, because it has a very low level of impact on the back.